Developments of the Discourse on Justice in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Author

Political Sciences Associate Professor, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, 'Allamah Tabatabai University

Abstract

The Islamic Revolution, which is a breakthrough in the history of Iran, introduced some new concepts in the arena of national debate. Founded on Shi’ite political thought, this Revolution has in recent years followed a particular theory of justice that has its roots in Shi’ite doctrines, and this is evident in the ideas of Imam Khomeini (r) and the current Supreme Leader. While preserving its originality, the Shi’ite concept of justice has been subject to new readings befitting the requirements of each government. Mahdi Bazargan’s administration considered small government to be the necessary condition for the realization of justice. Muhammad Ali Rajaei’s government, which ruled the country in conditions of war between Iran and Iraq, interpreted justice within the context of struggle against the enemy, and hence adopted as its own policy some doctrines of equity. Mir Hossein Musavi’s government introduced social justice and concern for the oppressed as the main instances of Shi’i justice. Hashemi Rafsanjani saw [economic and industrial] development as the most important requisite for the actualization of justice. Seyyed Mohammad Khatami persued justice under the auspices of some more important concern, namely political development. Finally, in Dr. Mahmud Ahmadinejad's government, the concept of justice refound an Islamic revolutionary and ideological definition. In spite of [continued] developments in the discourse on Shi’ite justice under various governments, Shi’ite principles of the concept of justice have nonetheless been kept intact in the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and this shows the presence of a complete theory in the field of political thought in the system of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Keywords


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