Freedom in Allameh Tabataee’s Point of View; Emphasizing on Two Concepts of Freedom of Thinking and Freedom of Idea

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant professor of political sciences faculty at Imam Sadiq University

2 M. A. in Public law, Imam Sadiq University

Abstract

This paper intends to define and delimit the freedom of thinking and freedom of idea in Islam, emphasizing on Allameh Tabatabaee’s viewpoint and employing the technique of text-based, methodical interpretation data analysis through library referral to his works and pointing to freedom, its types and limits in Islam, its legitimacy and illegitimacy, and also the requirements of thinking freedom. To do so, after enumerating anthropological and ontological bases and defining the limits of freedom, the central topic of the paper, “the freedom of thinking” and “freedom of idea”, and their relationships and differences will be discussed, and finally this conclusion will be obtained that according to Allameh Tabatabaee, in Islam, the freedom of idea without pondering, is forbidden because it is opposed to freedom of thinking and is the origin of blind and causeless dogmatism, in spite of some recommendations represented in favor of it.

Keywords


Holy Quran.

Anis, Ibrahim (1372). Almo’jamolvasit. Tehran: Islamic culture publications office, edition 2.

Dehkhoda, Aliakbar (1377) Loghatnameh, Vol. 34. Tehran: The institution of Tehran university publications, edition 2.

Sobhani, Ja’far (1385). Hermeneutic . Ghom: Towhid publications, edition 2.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1374). The translation of Almizan interpretation, editions 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 17, and 20. Ghom: the office of Islamic publications, edition 5.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1381). “The Frontier Guard of Divine Message and Wisdom”, Ghom, Boustane Ketab, edition 1.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1387). “The Principles of Philosophy and Realism Manner”, edition 2. Tehran: Sadra, edition 16.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1432). Nehayatolhekma, two volumes. Ghom: the institution of Islamic publications, edition 6.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1391). “Social Relationship in Islam. “Ghom: Boustane Ketab, edition 3.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1393 a). Islamic Investigations, two volumes. Ghom: Bostane Ketab, edition 4.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1393 b) “The Vocation of Sheiism in Today’s World”. Ghom: Bostane Ketab, edition 4.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1394), “Islamic Teachings”. Ghom: Boustane Ketab. Edition 8.

Tabatabaee, Seyyed Mohammad Hossein (1394 b), “An Onthology from the Shiism Knowledge”. Ghom: Boustane Ketab, edition 4.

Alikhani, Aliakbar et. Al. (1386), “Methodology in Islamic Political Studies”. Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h) university, edition 1.

Majlesi, Mohammad Bagher Ibne Mohammad Taghi (1421). “Beharolanvar Aljameatoldorar Alaematol’athar’, edition 57. Beirout: Institution of Alvafa’ edition 6.

Mesbah Yazdi, Mohammad Taghi (1381). “Freedom, the Unsaid, and Subtleties”. Ghom: The office of publicationS of Isamic Culture, edition 1.

Motahhari Mortaza (1384). “The Compliation of Works”, edition 4. Tehran.