The Islamic Strategic Requirements in Political Realm

Document Type: Original Article

Author

Associate Professor of Political Sciences Faculty at Imam Sadiq University

Abstract

The expression of the reality that there is a relationship between the political system and the knowledge type in all societies that contributes to the establishment and continuity of power, guides us to discuss the ideal political knowledge in Iran, appropriate to the Islamic strategic teachings. In other words, Islam has its own requirements impacting all scientific realms including political science. From this viewpoint, the major question is: “What is the strategic requirement of Islam in political realm”? To answer this question, the researcher has tried, using the comparative method, to clarify the differences between the Islamic policy and the secular policy, and then to suggest a new political model. This new model is under the influence of the Islamic teachings from four aspects, namely: first ontological aspect which compares the two-dimensional Islamic viewpoint with the one-dimensional viewpoint of secularism; second, epistemology that compares the software approach of Iranian culture with the hostile one; third, providence that considers salvation as a substitute for hegemonism; and forth, methodology that suggests morality as an alternate for instrumentalism.

Keywords


1.    The Holy Koran
2.    A group of writers (1389), “The Education of International Relationship in Iran’, Tehran: Cultural and social studies institute.
3.    Artistic and cultural institution of Ghader Velayat (1393), “Organization, Design, and Stabilization of Gaurdianship of the Islamic juristics Protector”, Tehran: Ghadre Velayat institution.
4.    Blaikie, N (1993), Approaches to Social Enquiry, Combridge: Polity.
5.    Clintion David (1379), Two Ways to Provide National Profit”, Asghar Eftekhari, Tehran: strategic studies research center.
6.    Crotty, M (1998). The Foundation of Social Research. London: Sage.
7.    Dal, Robert Alan (1364), “The New Analysis of Politics”, translated by Hossein Mozaffarian, Tehran: Nasher Mozaffarian.
8.    Derakhshe Jalal (1389), “Some Discourses about the Islamic Revolution”, Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university publications.
9.    Derakhsheh Jalal (1386), “Analysis of the Relationship between Religion and Poblics during Ali’s (p. b. u. h.) Government” in: Aliakbar Kamali Ardakani et al., “Investigation and Criticism of Secularism”, Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university publications.
10.    Easton, David (1979), A System Analisis of Political Life, Univ of Chicago.
11.    Efftekhari Asghar (1390), “Moralization of international relationships, a Koranic approach” in: Mahdi Zakerian (b) Morality and international Relationships, Tehran, Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university, pp. 415-466.
12.    Eftekhari Asghar (1392), “Political Semantics in Imam Khomeini’s Thought, “Tehran. Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university publications.
13.    Eftekhari, Asghar (2014) “Religionization of politics versus Secularization of politics”, Islamic Political Thoght. Vol. 1, No. 1, Spring & summer, pp. 69-108.
14.    Firahi Davood (1378) “Power, Knowledge, and Legitimacy in Islam “Tehran, Nashre Ney.
15.    Halsti K. G. (1383), “Bases of International Political Analysis”. Bahram Mostaghimi and Mas’oud Taremsari, Tehran: The office of political and international studies.
16.    Hampton Jane (1380), “political philosophy”. Khashayar Deihimi, Tehran: Tarhe Now.
17.    High Calin (1385), A. Critical Introduction to Political Analysis. Translated by Ahmad Golmohammadi, Tehran: Nashr Nei.
18.    J’afarian Rassoul (1379), “The Intellectual and Political Life of Shiite Imams”, Ghom, Ansarian publications, 3rd edition.
19.    Jones, V. T. (1383), “The Owners of Political Thinking”, translated by Ali Ramin, Tehran Amir Kabir publications.
20.    Kamali Ardakani Aliakbar et al. (1386), “Analysis and Criticism of secularism, Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university publications.
21.    Khajeh sarvi Gholamreza (1389), “Thirty Discourses about Imam Khomeini, the Islamic Revolution, and the Islamic Republic”, Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university publications.
22.    Kiani Nima (1388), “Political Morality”, with the introduction by Mohammad Bagher Khorramshad, Tehran: the department of social planning and cultural studies Science Ministry.
23.    Mahdavi Asgharagha (1392), “Political Power” (from the series of bascal concepts of Islamic liberal arts), Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h) university.
24.    Makiaveli Nicolo (1377), “Discourses”, Translated by Mohammad Hassan Lotfi, Tehran: Kharazmi publications.
25.    Makiaveli Nicolo (1388), “Shahriar” Translated by Daryoush Ashouri, Tehran: Nashre Agah
26.    Morad Saiid (1992), “The Theory of Prosperity in Islamic Philosophy”, Mohammad Atef Aleraghi (Tasdid), Cairo: Anjomal mesria publications.
27.    Mousavi Khomeini Rohollah (1360) “The Secret of Prayers”, Tehran: Payame Azadi.
28.    Mousavi Khomeini Rouhollah (Bita), Gourdianship of the Islamic Juristics Protector and the greater Jehad”, Tehran: Alaste Faghih.
29.    Nai Joseph. S. (1387) “soft Power”, Translated by Seyyed Mohsen Rouhani and Mehdi Zolfaghari, Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university publication, vol. 2.
30.    Nasr Seyyed Hassan (1371), “Islamic Culture in the Contemporary World, “Tehran: the stoch company of pocket-size books.
31.    Novak George (1385) “Bases of Materialism”, Translated by Parviz Babaii, Tehran: Azad Mehr Publications.
32.    Queenton Antony (1371), “Political Philosophy”, Morteza As’adi, Tehran: Alhoda international publications.
33.    Rezvan Alseyyed (1986) “Ommat, Jama’at and Hegemonism”, Beirut: Dare eghra’.
34.    Schewarzmantel, john (1987), Structures of power: an introduction to politics, New York.
35.    Simbar Reza (1390), “Translation from the Binary of Morality-Immorality in the International Contemporary Paradigm” in: Mehdi Zakerian” Morality and the International Relationships”, Tehran: Imam Sadegh (p.b.u.h.) university, pp. 207-230.
36.    Tabarsi Ahmad Ibne Ali (1373), “Ehtejaj Ala Ahlelejaj. “Translated by Javad J’afari, Ghom: Islamic studies office.
37.    Tahanavi Mohammadali (1996), “Extensive Exploration of Technical and scientific Terminology”, Beirut, Nasheron publications.