Islam and International Security: from ISIL to Hashd al-Sha’bi

Document Type: Original Article

Author

Assistant professor of international relations at Alameh Tabataba’I University

Abstract

In security studies school, there are different viewpoints toward religious and its role in domestic and international security systems. From Peace of Westphalia until beginning of 21 century, many experts has thought Talking about the role of religious is meaningless. After 9/11, most politicians were talking about Islamic terrorism. At this time, there are two types of role for Islam in the field of security: first in Daesh as a big terrorist organization that create insecurity in Iraq and second in Hashd al-Sha’bi as a big volunteer organization that try to make Iraq more secure. This paper discuss these two different perspectives on the role of Islam in security.

Keywords


  1. Barrett, R. 2014. The Islamic State. The Soufan Group. http:// soufangroup.com
  2. Cauderwood, K. 2014. Islamic State: How Terrorists Groups Move Millions without a Paper Trail. International Business Times.
  3. Cohen, Benjamin J. 2009. A grave case of Myopia. International Interactions. 35 (4):436-44.
  4. Dabiq. 2014 (1435). the Flood of the Mubāhalah. No. 2.
  5. Esposito,john L.2014. ISIS, Radicalization, and the Politics of Violence and Alienation, Reset Doc.
  6. Fathabadi, Mahdi. 2012. Al-Qaida after 9/11. Politics quarterly. Tehran University. No: 15.
  7. Gul, I. 2010. Transnational Islamic Networks. International Review of the Red Cross. 92 (880).
  8. Ibrahimnejad, Mohammad and Farmanian, Mahdi. 2014. ISIL: thoughts review. Qom: Daralalam.
  9. koohkan, Alireza. 2016. Peace in Islam and critical theory. Conference on peace and security. Tehran.
  10. Levitt, M. 2014. How the US Can Take the Flight to ISIS on the Financial Front. PRI’s the World.
  11. Masjed jamei, Mohammad. 2011. Changes in takfiri thoughts. Tehran: institute for political and international studies.
  12. N,n (2016) comparative plan, mizan online, from: http://www.mizanonline.ir/fa/news/180804, retrieved at: 2017/1/10.
  13. Sharifat, abd al-mohammad. 2015. ISIL, thoughts and organization, Qom: Daralalam.